The legalization of same sex marriages

In , as public debate on the issue persisted, two significant events occurred at the federal level. That the same act was evaluated so differently by various groups indicates its importance as a social issue in the early 21st century; it also demonstrates the extent to which cultural diversity persisted both within and among countries. Notably, however, by the beginning of the 21st century most countries opted for one of only three legal resolutions to these intersecting problems: From this perspective, the movement to legally recognize same-sex marriage is a misguided attempt to deny the social, moral , and biological distinctions that foster the continued existence of society and so should be discouraged. They often proscribed behaviours that other countries viewed as subject to moral, rather than legal, regulation. As the electorate in Maine simultaneously reversed its previous decision, the three states became the first in the country to approve same-sex marriage at the ballot box. Whether Egyptian, Vijayanagaran, Roman, Ottoman, Mongol, Chinese, European, or other, empires have long fostered or, in some cases, imposed the widespread adoption of a relatively small number of religious and legal systems.

The legalization of same sex marriages


Although a multiplicity of marriage practices once existed, conquering nations typically forced local cultures to conform to colonial belief and administrative systems. See also footnote 2. The existence of religious pluralities within a country seems to have had a less determinate effect on the outcome of same-sex marriage debates. In April the Iowa Supreme Court overturned a state law that barred gay marriage, and soon afterward the legislatures of Vermont , Maine , and New Hampshire legalized same-sex marriage—though in November Maine voters repealed the law. Soon thereafter similar laws, generally using specific vocabulary e. The Unitarian Universalist churches and the gay-oriented Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches fully accepted same-sex marriage. In other cases, the cultural homogeneity supported by the dominant religion did not result in the application of doctrine to the civic realm but may nonetheless have fostered a smoother series of discussions among the citizenry: Subsequently, several other states and Washington, D. Although same-sex marriage has been regulated through law, religion, and custom in most countries of the world, the legal and social responses have ranged from celebration on the one hand to criminalization on the other. See Article History Alternative Titles: By the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the perspectives of one or more of the world religions— Buddhism , Hinduism , Judaism , Islam , and Christianity —and their associated civil practices were often invoked during national discussions of same-sex marriage. These households, in turn, form the foundation of a productive society—a society in which, albeit incidentally, children, elders, and others who may be relatively powerless are likely to be protected. A variety of sexual or quasi-sexual acts, usually including same-sex intimacy, were criminalized in these countries, and the penalties for these acts could be as severe as execution. Barack Obama , who during his initial years in office had endorsed only civil unions for same-sex couples, in May became the first sitting U. In a majority of Australians voted for same-sex marriage in a nonbinding referendum. In December the U. In one view, the purpose of marriage is to ensure successful procreation and child rearing. By the end of , the number of states where such marriages were legal had reached 35—more than twice as many as at the beginning of the year. Such legal circumventions are usually more difficult for, and in some cases even prohibited to, same-sex couples. Notably, they found that most cultures expressed an ideal form of marriage and an ideal set of marriage partners, while also practicing flexibility in the application of those ideals. Supreme Court building, Washington, D. Elsewhere, Bermuda legalized same-sex marriage in , but the following year it passed a bill that replaced such marriages with domestic partnerships. Most Christian denominations opposed it, while the United Church of Christ , the United Church of Canada , and the Religious Society of Friends Quakers took a more favourable stand or allowed individual churches autonomy in the matter. Many countries have yet to reach a consensus on these issues. Sexuality is but one of many areas where religious and civic authority interact; definitions of the purpose of marriage is another. Advocates of both perspectives cited various and conflicting sociological studies in defense of their claims. In all but two of those states, the rulings were stayed, although some of the states briefly performed same-sex marriages prior to their suspension.

The legalization of same sex marriages

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The moment after US Supreme court same-sex marriage decision - BBC News





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  1. Proposition 8 subsequently was ruled unconstitutional in federal district court in August on the grounds that the prohibition of same-sex marriage violated the due process and equal protection clauses. In January the Supreme Court agreed to review a November decision of the Court of Appeals of the Sixth Circuit that had upheld state laws and constitutional amendments banning same-sex marriage or the recognition of same-sex marriages performed in other jurisdictions.

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