Nebraska adopted a constitutional provision limiting marriage to relationships between a man and a woman. Thirty states had enacted constitutional provisions to define marriage as a relationship between a man and a woman and prohibit same-sex marriages. The 14th Amendment , we'll remind you, was ratified shortly after the Civil War. The decision was appealed and enforcement that would allow same-sex marriages to be performed was delayed until the case could be heard by the federal appeals court. The Maine initiative and the Washington and Maryland referendum votes to uphold the same-sex marriage laws marked a watershed. In December , the District of Columbia Council passed a same-sex marriage law, subject to a congressional review period. Iowa began performing same-sex marriages in June Same-sex marriages were set to begin on June 1,
Later in the century, cultural and political developments allowed same-sex couples to lead more open and public lives. Legislative actions supporting same sex-marriage continued in Proposition 8 proposed a state constitutional amendment that defined marriage as a relationship between a man and a woman. They were the first instances of public votes to establish same-sex marriage. Those four votes reversed a long trend of public votes against same sex marriage. The law went into effect July 1, The effect of that decision was to reinstate the federal district court decision overturning Proposition 8, thus allowing same sex marriage in California. Obama says the ruling "will strengthen all of our communities" by offering dignity and equal status to all same-sex couples and their families. Calling the ruling "deeply disheartening," Roberts said that those on the winning side of the issue should celebrate a victory — "But do not celebrate the Constitution," he wrote. It has to do with U. Supreme Court declined to decide the California challenge to Proposition 8, ruling on technical grounds that it did not have jurisdiction. Thirty states had enacted constitutional provisions to define marriage as a relationship between a man and a woman and prohibit same-sex marriages. In April , the Iowa Supreme Court ruled that the state's ban against same-sex marriage was unconstitutional. Hawaii held a special session in October and November to consider same-sex marriage legislation. The Supreme Court said that the right to marry is fundamental — and Kennedy wrote that under the 14th Amendment's protections, "couples of the same-sex may not be deprived of that right and that liberty. The law went into effect Aug. Legislatures and Courts History The public national discussion around same-sex marriage first began in when the Hawaii Supreme Court ruled that laws denying same-sex couples the right to marry violated state constitutional equal protection rights unless the state could show a "compelling reason" for such discrimination. In November , voters in Maine approved a ballot measure legalizing same-sex marriage. Supreme Court and enforcement was delayed until the court decided. The law went into effect on Aug. In February, the court answered, "segregating same-sex unions from opposite-sex unions cannot possibly be held rationally to advance or preserve" the governmental aim of encouraging "stable adult relationships for the good of the individual and of the community, especially its children. In December , the District of Columbia Council passed a same-sex marriage law, subject to a congressional review period. It is the first time voters had been asked to legalize same-sex marriage rather than prohibit it. The New Jersey legislature chose to create civil unions in , which gave same-sex couples the same legal rights as married, opposite sex couples. Voters upheld the law and same-sex marriages began on Dec. Before Friday's ruling, gay marriage had already been made legal in 37 states and the District of Columbia — by either legislative or voter action or by federal courts that overturned state' bans.
Video about states where same sex marriage is legal:
States Where Same Sex Marriage Is Legal Have Fewer Teen Suicides
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