However, she argues that "the ostensibly natural facts of sex [are] discursively produced in the service of other political and social interests. Biological sex has to undergo the same paradigm shift that gender did. For example, the human "sex difference" in height is a consequence of sexual selection, while the "gender difference" typically seen in head hair length women with longer hair is not. Traditionally, however, a distinction has been made by linguists between sex and gender, where sex refers primarily to the attributes of real-world entities — the relevant extralinguistic attributes being, for instance, male, female, non-personal, and indeterminate sex — and grammatical gender refers to a category, such as masculine, feminine, and neuter often based on sex, but not exclusively so in all languages , that determines the agreement between nouns of different genders and associated words, such as articles and adjectives. Dennis adds that there is variation in these traits:
Rather than viewing sex as a biological construct, there are feminists who accept both sex and gender as a social construct. In the article, Williamson says that get ready for some extreme ignorance and hate here we are experiencing a new transgender phenomenon, one where we have lost grip on reality. By definition, males have small, mobile gametes sperm ; females have large and generally immobile gametes ova or eggs. But part of it is a limitation of the English language. But these are extremely rare. For example, not all women lactate, while some men do. The thing people like Williamson want to cling to the most is the idea that sex is an immutable, universal biological reality that is therefore easy to categorize. Nouns referring to people and animals of known sex are generally referred to by nouns with the equivalent gender. Humans today, typically doctors decide how small a penis has to be, or how unusual a combination of parts has to be, before it counts as intersex. I will maintain that using genitals and gonads alone, more than The distinction can be problematic, however. People need to stop looking for excuses for their anti-trans bigotry. Some people maintain that the word sex should be reserved for reference to the biological aspects of being male or female or to sexual activity, and that the word gender should be used only to refer to sociocultural roles. Lorber writes, "My perspective goes beyond accepted feminist views that gender is a cultural overlay that modifies physiological sex differences [ A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language, for instance, refers to the semantically based "covert" gender e. I would argue that sex needs to go through the same change that gender has already gone through. According to the Intersex Society of North America , "nature doesn't decide where the category of 'male' ends and the category of 'intersex' begins, or where the category of 'intersex' ends and the category of 'female' begins. For example, greater male propensity toward physical aggression and risk taking would be termed a "sex difference;" the generally longer head hair length of females would be termed a "gender difference. The word 'sex' refers ambiguously to copulation and to sexual dimorphism However, inside the magazine, Time said that an easy way to gain some understanding of trans people is to realize that gender and sex are two different things. And, in fact, sex is indeed biological—not a social construct like gender. This is similar to virtually all other animals. Furthermore, indiscriminate use of the word gender tends to obscure the distinction between two different topics: I know that it has no real effect on who I am as a person today! However the words for inanimate objects are commonly masculine e. In fact, the vast majority of us never learn what our sex chromosomes are.
Video about biological sex is a social construct:
Gender is Not a "Social Construct": Science vs Feelings
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